The globalization of the english language

Archaic globalization Archaic globalization conventionally refers to a phase in the history of globalization including globalizing events and developments from the time of the earliest civilizations until roughly the s. This term is used to describe the relationships between communities and states and how they were created by the geographical spread of ideas and social norms at both local and regional levels. The first is the idea of Eastern Origins, which shows how Western states have adapted and implemented learned principles from the East.

The globalization of the english language

See Article History Cultural globalization, a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, reflects a standardization of cultural expressions around the world. Propelled by the efficiency or appeal of wireless communicationselectronic commercepopular cultureand international travel, globalization has been seen as a trend toward homogeneity that will eventually make human experience everywhere essentially the same.

This appears, however, to be an overstatement of the phenomenon. Although homogenizing influences do indeed exist, they are far from creating anything akin to a single world culture.

Emergence of global subcultures Some observers argue that a rudimentary version of world culture is taking shape among certain individuals who share similar values, aspirationsor lifestyles. The result is a collection of elite groups whose unifying ideals transcend geographical limitations.

Expanding on the concept of Davos culture, sociologist Peter L. While not as wealthy or privileged as their Davos counterparts, members of this international faculty club wield tremendous influence through their association with educational institutions worldwide and have been instrumental in promoting feminism, environmentalism, and human rights as global issues.

Berger cited the antismoking movement as a case in point: By sharpening such identities, these NGOs have globalized the movement to preserve indigenous world cultures. Transnational workers Another group stems from the rise of a transnational The globalization of the english language.

Indian-born anthropologist Arjun Appadurai has studied English-speaking professionals who trace their origins to South Asia but who live and work elsewhere. They circulate in a social world that has multiple home bases, and they have gained access to a unique network of individuals and opportunities.

For example, many software engineers and Internet entrepreneurs who live and work in Silicon ValleyCalifornia, maintain homes in—and strong social ties to—Indian states such as Maharashtra and Punjab. The persistence of local culture Underlying these various visions of globalization is a reluctance to define exactly what is meant by the term culture.

During most of the 20th century, anthropologists defined culture as a shared set of beliefs, customs, and ideas that held people together in recognizable, self-identified groups.

Scholars in many disciplines challenged this notion of cultural coherenceespecially as it became evident that members of close-knit groups held radically different visions of their social worlds. Culture is no longer perceived as a knowledge system inherited from ancestors. As a result, many social scientists now treat culture as a set of ideas, attributes, and expectations that change as people react to changing circumstances.

The globalization of the english language

Indeed, by the turn of the 21st century, the collapse of barriers enforced by Soviet communism and the rise of electronic commerce have increased the perceived speed of social change everywhere.

The term local culture is commonly used to characterize the experience of everyday life in specific, identifiable localities. Given the strength of local cultures, it is difficult to argue that an overarching global culture actually exists.

Jet-setting sophisticates may feel comfortable operating in a global network disengaged from specific localities, but these people constitute a very small minority; their numbers are insufficient to sustain a coherent cultural system. It is more important to ask where these global operators maintain their families, what kind of kinship networks they rely upon, if any, and whether theirs is a transitory lifestyle or a permanent condition.

The international “faculty club”

For most people, place and locality still matter. Even the transnational workers discussed by Appadurai are rooted in local communities bound by common perceptions of what represents an appropriate and fulfilling lifestyle.

Experiencing globalization Research on globalization has shown that it is not an omnipotentunidirectional force leveling everything in its path.

Because a global culture does not exist, any search for it would be futile. It is more fruitful to instead focus on particular aspects of life that are indeed affected by the globalizing process.

Instantaneous communication, predicted McLuhan, would soon destroy geographically based power imbalances and create a global village.

Lesson 1: English - the International Language

There can be little doubt that people perceive the world today as a smaller place than it appeared to their grandparents. The telephone was not an option, even in dire emergencies. By the late s, the grandchildren of these first-generation migrants were carrying cellular phones that linked them to cousins in cities such as Calcutta KolkataSingapore, or Shanghai.

Awareness of time zones when people will be awake; what time offices open is now second nature to people whose work or family ties connect them to far-reaching parts of the world. CNN became an icon of globalization by broadcasting its U. Live coverage of the fall of the Berlin Wall inthe Persian Gulf War inand extended coverage of events surrounding the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.Globalisation and the English language Updated Friday 4th July Over the past years it’s globalisation – accelerated by new technology – that has had the greatest impact on the English language.

The Rise of English: The Language of Globalization in China and the European Union Anne Johnson I. Introduction It is everywhere. Some . Navigate the global marketplace with TransPerfect business solutions. Learn how our global translation, language and localization services can help you.

Globalization And Language Learning. Its focus is on the different approaches to English language acquisition taken by different waves of Korean immigrants to the United States. The research is based on interviews with Korean mothers and explores how their experiences informed their approach to their children’s English language education.

English is part of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family of languages.

The globalization of the english language

It is spoken as a native language by around million and as a second language by around million speakers in the world. Apr 09,  · SINGAPORE — Riding the crest of globalization and technology, English dominates the world as no language ever has, and some linguists are now saying it may never be dethroned as the king of.

Globalization and English Language | Study of Impact and Progress