As director of the Upper Manhattan Business Solutions Center, her team worked with entrepreneurs in Harlem to launch and expand businesses. Marla resides in the Maryland suburbs with her husband and three children.
First location[ edit ] Henri de Tonti The Arkansas Post was founded in the summer of by Henri de Tonti, Jacques Cardinal, Jean Couture, and four other Frenchmen as a trading post near the site of a Quapaw village named Osotouyabout 35 miles upriver from the strategically significant confluence of the Arkansas with the Mississippi River.
The agreement with the local Quapaw consisted of trading French goods for beaver furs, although this arrangement did not yield much profit, as the Quapaw had little interest in hunting beaver. Even so, trade and friendly relations with the Quapaw and other local native peoples, such as the Caddo and Osagewere integral to the post's survival for most of its operations.
The first structures erected at the site were a simple wooden house and fence. Rural bank of galvez small settlement was the first permanent French holding west of the Mississippi and the first European settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley.
John Law 's Mississippi Company made a venture from to recruiting German settlers to turn the surrounding area into a major agricultural hub. About slaves and indentured servants were brought to the area as workers, and land grants were offered to German settlers. However, this project failed when the company withdrew from Arkansas Post due to the burst of the Mississippi Bubble.
Most of the slaves and indentured servants were relocated elsewhere along the Lower Mississippibut a few remained in or near the post, becoming hunters, farmers, and traders. Father Paul du Poisson was priest at the post from July until his death in The post was significantly expanded inwhen its new commander, First Ensign Pierre Louis Petit de Coulange, built a barracka powder magazinea prisonand a house for himself and future commanders.
Chief Payamataha of the Chickasaw attacked the rural areas of the post with of his warriors, killing and capturing several settlers. This property, like the memorial a National Historic Landmark, is owned by the National Park Service, but is undeveloped.
In addition to these structures, he expanded the commander's house to include a chapel and quarters for the priest. He added a storehousehospitalbake houseand latrine. To protect the post's new buildings, he erected a stockade eleven feet in height.
Whereas the first two locations had been on the Arkansas' north bank, this one was on the south. The layout of this post was generally similar, containing the usual important structures protected by a stockade.
This complicated Spain's effort for diplomacy. InCommander Fernando de Leyba was ordered to assert dominance over the local French and to reduce the amount of feasts and gifts for the local Quapaw, as it was costing the colonial government too much.
This brought the Spanish close to hostilities with the Quapaw, but eventually Commander Leyba conceded the goods and conflict was avoided.
AGRICULTURAL MANAGEMENT, MARKETING AND FINANCE OCCASIONAL PAPER Agro-based clusters in developing countries: staying competitive in . The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) brings together people and organizations to protect biodiversity—the amazing array of Earth's species. The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) brings together people and organizations to protect biodiversity—the amazing array of Earth's species.
De Villiers cited annual flooding and the long distance from the local Quapaw villages as concerns. The colonists hoped the settlement would be less flood-prone. It consisted of several small buildings surrounded by a stockade.Natchitoches.
Natchitoches was not the first European "settlement" in present-day Louisiana. That was Fort de Mississippi, also called Fort de la Boulaye and Fort Iberville, on the east bank of the Mississippi near today's Phoenix in Plaquemines Parish; Iberville built the fort in early and garrisoned it with sturdy Canadians, and Bienville abandoned the site in Contributors José Miguel Aguilera, Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile Doyle Baker, Chief, Rural Infrastructure and Agro-Industries Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
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