Measurement[ edit ] In social psychologyinterpersonal attraction is most-frequently measured using the Interpersonal Attraction Judgment Scale developed by Donn Byrne. This scale seems to be directly related with other measures of social attraction such as social choice, feelings of desire for a date, sexual partner or spouse, voluntary physical proximity, frequency of eye contact, etc. Kiesler and Goldberg analyzed a variety of response measures that were typically utilized as measures of attraction and extracted two factors: The second factor included variables such as voting for, admiration and respect for, and also seeking the opinion of the target.
The perception of attractiveness can have a significant effect on how people are judged in terms of employment or social opportunities, friendship, sexual behavior, and marriage. A study of the reports of college students regarding those traits in individuals which make for attractiveness and repulsiveness argued that static traits, such as beauty or ugliness of features, hold a position subordinate to groups of physical elements like expressive behavior, affectionate disposition, grace of manner, aristocratic bearing, social accomplishments and personal habits.
Such studies consistently find that activity in certain parts of the orbitofrontal cortex increases with increasing attractiveness of faces. The same study finds that for faces and bodies alike, the medial part of the orbitofrontal cortex responds with greater activity to both very attractive and very unattractive pictures.
Women also tend to be more attracted to men who are taller than they are, and display a high degree of facial symmetryas well as relatively masculine facial dimorphism. Female respondents in the follicular phase of their menstrual cycle were significantly more likely to choose a masculine face than those in menses and luteal phases or in those taking hormonal contraception.
The study also found that, although female faces that were more feminine were judged to be more attractive, there was no association between male facial masculinity and male facial attractiveness for female judges. With these findings, the study reasoned that if a woman were to reproduce with a man with a more masculine face, then her daughters would also inherit a more masculine face, making the daughters less attractive.
The study concluded that there must be other factors that advantage the genetics for masculine male faces to offset their reproductive disadvantage in terms of "health", "fertility" and "facial attractiveness" when the same genetics are present in females.
The study reasoned that the "selective advantage" for masculine male faces must "have or had " been due to some factor that is not directly tied to female perceptions of male facial attractiveness. Studies suggest women are less attracted to men with asymmetrical faces,  and symmetrical faces correlate with long term mental performance  and are an indication that a man has experienced "fewer genetic and environmental disturbances such as diseases, toxins, malnutrition or genetic mutations" while growing.
Studies have also suggested that women at peak fertility were more likely to fantasize about men with greater facial symmetry,  and other studies have found that male symmetry was the only factor that could significantly predict the likelihood of a woman experiencing orgasm during sex.
Women with partners possessing greater symmetry reported significantly more copulatory female orgasms than were reported by women with partners possessing low symmetry, even with many potential confounding variables controlled.
It has been argued that masculine facial dimorphism in men and symmetry in faces are signals advertising genetic quality in potential mates.
They are also more likely to be prone to infidelity. Body odor Double-blind studies found that women prefer the scent of men who are rated as facially attractive.
Heterozygote advantage and Major histocompatibility complex and sexual selection Studies have explored the genetic basis behind such issues as facial symmetry and body scent and how they influence physical attraction.
Women judge the faces of men who are heterozygous at all three MHC loci to be more attractive than the faces of men who are homozygous at one or more of these loci. Additionally, a second experiment with genotyped women raters, found these preferences were independent of the degree of MHC similarity between the men and the female rater.
With MHC heterozygosity independently seen as a genetic advantage, the results suggest that facial attractiveness in men may be a measure of genetic quality.
Age disparity in sexual relationships A OkCupid study onof its male and female dating site users found that women are, except those during their early to mid-twenties, open to relationships with both somewhat older and somewhat younger men; they have a larger potential dating pool than men until age At age 20, women, in a "dramatic change", begin sending private messages to significantly older men.
At age 29 they become "even more open to older men". Male desirability to women peaks in the late 20s and does not fall below the average for all men until For example, body hair on men may even be preferred see below.
The study said that more feminine men tended to prefer relatively older men than themselves and more masculine men tended to prefer relatively younger men than themselves. This is analogous to the waist to hip ratio WHR that men prefer. Key body image for a man in the eyes of a woman would include big shoulders, chest, and upper back, and a slim waist area.
It was found that waist to hip ratio played a smaller role in body preference than body weight in regards to both sexes.What are the social factors that influence interpersonal attraction? Discuss in relation to relevant psychological theories and studies physical attractiveness, similarity and reciprocity.
There are also numerous theories into attraction and how humans form interpersonal relationships. The major concept of this theory was the.
They include physical attractiveness, proximity, similarity, and reciprocity: Physical attractiveness: Research shows that romantic attraction is primarily determined by physical attractiveness.
In the early stages of dating, people are more attracted to partners whom they consider to be physically attractive. Interpersonal attraction is the attraction between people which leads to the development of platonic or romantic relationships. It is distinct from perceptions such as physical attractiveness, and involves views of what is and what is not considered beautiful or attractive..
The study of interpersonal attraction is a major area of research in social psychology. Psychology- introduction Interpersonal attraction is the attraction between people which leads to friendships and romantic relationships.
The study of interpersonal attraction is a major area of study in social psychology. Marketing Management by Philip Kotler (11Th Edition) - authorSTREAM Presentation. Lecture 08 - Social Psych. Interpersonal attraction (Adapted from Michener et al; We hesitate to establish a relationship with someone who is normatively inappropriate.
Hence, a high status person is unlikely to approach a high-status one as a friend. A. Physical attractiveness.
1. We would like to believe that beauty is only skin deep.