Increasing fiber in the diet Monitoring which foods trigger IBS and avoiding these foods Minimizing stress or learning different ways to cope with stress Sometimes taking medicines as prescribed by your healthcare provider What are structural gastrointestinal disorders?
Oesophageal disease Oesophageal diseases include a spectrum of disorders affecting the oesophagus. Chronic or congenital diseases might be investigated using barium swallowsendoscopy and biopsywhereas acute diseases such as reflux may be investigated and diagnosed based on symptoms and a medical history alone.
Stomach disease Gastric diseases refer to diseases affecting the stomach. Inflammation of the stomach by infection from any cause is called gastritisand when including other parts of the gastrointestinal tract called gastroenteritis.
When gastritis persists in a chronic state, it is associated with several diseases, including atrophic gastritispyloric stenosisand gastric cancer. Another common condition is gastric ulcerationpeptic ulcers. Ulceration erodes the gastric mucosawhich protects the tissue of the stomach from the stomach acids.
Peptic ulcers are most commonly caused by a bacterial Helicobacter pylori infection.
Congenital disorders of the stomach include pernicious anaemiain which a targeted immune response against parietal cells results in an inability to absorb vitamin B Other common symptoms that stomach disease might cause include indigestion or dyspepsia Gastrontestinal disease, vomitingand in chronic disease, digestive problems leading to forms of malnutrition.
Inflammation of the intestines is called enterocolitiswhich may lead to diarrhea. Acute conditions affecting the bowels include infectious Gastrontestinal disease and mesenteric ischaemia.
Causes of constipation may include faecal impaction and bowel obstructionwhich may in turn be caused by ileusintussusceptionvolvulus.
Other causes of illness include intestinal pseudoobstructionand necrotizing enterocolitis. Infectious disease may be treated with targeted antibioticsand inflammatory bowel disease with immunosuppression.
Surgery may also be used to treat some causes of bowel obstruction. Inflammation of the small intestine is called enteritiswhich if localised to just part is called duodenitisjejunitis and ileitisrespectively.
Peptic ulcers are also common in the duodenum. Tumours of the small intestine include gastrointestinal stromal tumourslipomashamartomas and carcinoid syndromes. Investigations pursued may include blood tests to monitor nutrition, such as iron levels, folate and calciumendoscopy and biopsy of the duodenum, and barium swallow.
Treatments may include renutrition, and antibiotics for infections. Diseases that affect the large intestine may affect it in whole or in part. Appendicitis is one such disease, caused by inflammation of the appendix.
Generalised inflammation of the large intestine is referred to as colitiswhich when caused be the bacteria Clostridium difficile is referred to as pseudomembranous colitis.
Diverticulitis is a common cause of abdominal pain resulting from outpouchings that particularly affects the colon. Functional colonic diseases refer to disorders without a known cause, and include irritable bowel syndrome and intestinal pseudoobstruction.
Tests that specifically examine the function of the large intestine include barium swallows, abdominal x-raysand colonoscopy. Hemorrhoidsvascular outpouchings of skin, are very common, as is pruritus anireferring to anal itchiness.
Other conditions, such as anal cancer may be associated with ulcerative colitis or with sexually transmitted infections such as HIV. Inflammation of the rectum is known as proctitisone cause of which is radiation damage associated with radiotherapy to other sites such as the prostate.
Faecal incontinence can result from mechanical and neurological problems, and when associated with a lack of voluntary voiding ability is described as encopresis. Pain on passing stool may result from anal abscessessmall inflamed nodules, anal fissuresand anal fistulas.
In addition to regular tests, medical tests used to investigate the anus and rectum include the digital rectal exam and proctoscopy. Accessory digestive gland disease[ edit ] Main article: Liver disease Hepatic diseases refers to those affecting the liver. Hepatitis refers to inflammation of liver tissue, and may be acute or chronic.
Infectious viral hepatitissuch as hepatitis AB and Caffect in excess of X million people worldwide. Liver disease may also be a result of lifestyle factors, such as fatty liver and NASH.Genetic Diseases – People who suffer from Crohn’s disease are more prone to suffer from gastrointestinal problems.
How is Gastrointestinal Disease Diagnosed? Doctors now have a way to diagnose the problem, see the extent of damage, and come up with the most likely solution so that it no longer plagues your body. Gastrointestinal disorders include such conditions as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, perianal infections, diverticular diseases, colitis, colon polyps and cancer.
Chronic digestive diseases hard to diagnose: There is an inherent difficulty in diagnosing the various types of chronic digestive diseases.
Some of the better known possibilities are peptic ulcer.
Digestive Diseases The digestive system made up of the gastrointestinal tract (GI), liver, pancreas, and gallbladder helps the body digest food. Digestion is important for breaking down food into nutrients, which your body uses for energy, growth, and cell repair.
Digestive Diseases (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Digestive System (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish Your Digestive System and How It Works (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
However, the disease is not always limited to the gastrointestinal tract; it can also affect the joints, eyes, skin, and liver. Fatigue is another common complaint. The most common complication of Crohn's disease is blockage of the intestine due to swelling and scar tissue.