Distinguished, Superior, Advanced, Intermediate, and Novice. The description of each major level is representative of a specific range of abilities. Together these levels form a hierarchy in which each level subsumes all lower levels. The Guidelines describe the tasks that writers can handle at each level as well as the content, context, accuracy, and discourse types associated with the writing tasks at each level.
Posted on April 28, 2 comments There are six ACTFL Core Practices that serve as guide for teachers as they teach toward increased foreign language proficiency in their classrooms. Once of the key core practices is designing communicative activities for students.
Much of the language teaching that was happening several decades back was focused on what students knew about the target language i.
When it became clear that students were not able to communicate effectively using the target language it was clear that we needed to modify how we teach languages. This was the birth of the concept of communicative language teaching. Essentially it is an attempt to guide students toward an increased ability to communicate.
What is a Communicative Activity? There are three concepts of communicative language teaching that set it apart form more traditional approaches: The focus is on communicating and doing something with the language as opposed to practicing isolated language features out of context.
It is student-centered as opposed to teacher-centered. Students create with language rather than having the language explained to them.
The approach is focused on understanding the message being conveyed by students despite inaccuracy in language form as opposed to being focused on correct usage of language structures and only secondarily tending to the message.
Tips for Designing Communicative Activities Here are a few tips and ideas to keep in mind as we design communicative activities. Remember, communicative language teaching, or teaching that will guide students toward confidently communicating in the target language, is focused on the message, not practicing language structures out of context.
When the focus is on communicating and building confidence we want students to be comfortable with the topic. If they have the language proficiency, but lack content knowledge they will not communicate as much as they would if they were more familiar with the topic. Use open-ended prompts and questions when designing an activity or task.
Prompts that are more finite will not allow for opportunities to engage with the topic and negotiate meaning. Design prompts that require that pairs or groups of students must rely on and listen to each other.
If the prompt requires sharing an opinion, but not finding a commonality or difference with their speaking partner the task is more presentational in nature.
Create questions and prompts that require pairs and groups to collaborate and use the language to arrive at a product, not necessarily something physical that they will produce, but more finding a collaborative solution.
Be sure that the tasks students complete are at their proficiency level. Know what their level is and the text type lists, chunked phrases, discrete sentences, connected sentences, paragraph.
Design a task that will require creating with language using these text types. A prompt for intermediate low students that requires speaking in connected sentences will lead to a communication breakdown because the text type for their proficiency level is single, discrete sentences.
Is the Activity Communicative? Of the three modes of communication interpersonal, interpretive, presentational communicative language teaching lends itself best to interpersonal communication.
This mode is about active, real-time exchange of ideas and messages in a two-way rather than one-way exchange.
Often when teachers create activities that appear interpersonal they are actually more presentational. Here are some questions to keep in mind to make sure that the activity that you are designing is actually interpersonal: Is the activity student-centered, rather than teacher-centered?
Is the language spontaneous and unrehearsed, rather than prepared and practiced in advance? Is the focus on conveying and understanding the message, rather than on correct language forms?
Is the communication a two-way exchange, rather than one-way, requiring response, reaction and spontaneous follow-up? Do students have communication strategies that they can employ language laddersfunctional chunkscircumlocution?
Examples of Communicative Activities Here are few examples of activity structures that, regardless of proficiency level or content, take into account the concepts of communicative language teaching outlined above:Language education refers to the process and practice of acquiring a second or foreign language.
It is primarily a branch of applied linguistics, however can be considered an interdisciplinary field. There are four main learning categories for language education: communicative competencies, proficiencies, cross-cultural experiences, and multiple literacies.
7 Foreign Language Vocabulary Games to Banish Boredom from Your Classes. You can employ common activities like “Show & Tell” and role-playing, and then simply integrate target vocabulary words in the activities.
It’s designed to get students familiar with foreign vocabulary in a fun, friendly, totally approachable way. Many language teachers think being authentic means decorating their classrooms with flags and other souvenirs collected in their travels.
But true authenticity comes from the activities we use during class time and leaves an impact on the communication skills of our students. r-bridal.com features free Foreign Language lesson plans. Foreign Language printables, Foreign Language worksheets, and more. Free teaching materials and educational resources for Foreign Language teachers.
Lesson Plans and Activities. Bonjour. The site, for students and teachers of French, offers a host of activities and resources. Casa de Joanna: Spanish Activities and Casa de Joanna: French Activities On-and off-line activities for middle and high school Spanish and French classes.
Also included are lesson plans and printable worksheets. 7 Priceless Foreign Language Speaking Activities for Your Class 1. Sell Me Something. This activity involves a student trying to persuade the class into buying something.
They’ll note all the benefits and advantages of the said product and deliver a sales pitch using the target language. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy.