In the following year, Comelec commissioned foreign consultants to conduct studies on modernizing elections in the Philippines.
Philippines — The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7, islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila.
The Philippines has an area ofsquare kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world.
As ofapproximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands.
In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic nations occurred, then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans.
This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution.
Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente.
From the Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67, years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26, years ago.
Negritos were also among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos 2.
He ruled as a dictator under martial law from untilwhile his regime started an unprecedented number of infrastructure projects and monuments, it also became infamous for its corruption and brutality.
United States Army documents described the claim as fraudulent and absurd and he was elected President in All in all despite the — recession, GDP per capita grew at a rate of 5. Allegations of mass cheating, political turmoil and excesses of human rights led to the People Power Revolution in February According to source documents provided by the Presidential Commission on Good Government, a government agency created by the Aquino Government, PCGG also maintained that the Marcos family enjoyed a decadent lifestyle—taking away billions of dollars from the country in the course of their US-backed rule between and His wife Imelda Marcos, whose excesses during the couples kleptocracy made her infamous in her own right, numerous criminal graft charges have been filed against her, some of which are still ongoing, and most have been dismissed by the court due to lack of evidence.
He was later baptized into the Philippine Independent Church, but was first baptized in the Roman Catholic Church at the age of three, in DecemberFerdinand Marcos was prosecuted for the murder of Julio Nalundasan. He was not the accused from the Marcos clan, also accused was his father, Mariano, his brother, Pio.
According to two witnesses, the four had conspired to assassinate Nalundasan, with Ferdinand Marcos eventually pulling the trigger, in late Januarythey were finally denied bail and later in the year, they were convicted.
Ferdinand and Lizardo received the penalty for premeditated murder, while Mariano. The Marcos family took their appeal to the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Marcos studied law at the University of the Philippines, attending the prestigious College of Law.
He excelled in both curricular and extra-curricular activities, becoming a member of the universitys swimming, boxing 3. People Power Revolution — The People Power Revolution was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines that began in and culminated on February 22—25, There was a campaign of civil resistance against regime violence.
The nonviolent revolution led to the departure of President Ferdinand Marcos and it is also referred to as the Yellow Revolution due to the presence of yellow ribbons during the demonstrations following the assassination of Filipino senator Benigno Ninoy Aquino, Jr.
The protests, fueled by the resistance and opposition from years of governance by Marcos. Corazon Aquino was proclaimed as the President of the Philippines after the revolution, some authors praised Marcos decision not to attack the protesters and to voluntarily leave the country for preventing a bloody civil war.
Marcos was elected president indefeating incumbent Diosdado Macapagal by a margin of 52 to 43 percent, during this time, Marcos was very active in the initiation of public works projects and the intensification of tax collections.About us – The Asia Foundation is a nonprofit international development organization committed to improving lives across a dynamic and developing Asia.
Learn more about our impact, approach, mission, vision, and values. Registration Symbolizes First Step . Oct 16, · ELECTORAL PROCESS AND DEMOCRACY: ANALYSIS OF THE PHILIPPINE CONTEXT The Theory and Practice of Electoral Processes In a microcosm, when there are contentions, we seek means by which we can best arrive at a unified decision; one that is collectively representative of the individuals’ partialities.
Electoral processes seek to optimize this idea. The Philippines is a functioning democracy, though popular protests have forced out two presidents in almost more than 20 years: first, Ferdinand Marcos in for alleged electoral manipulation and second, Joseph Estrada in for allegedly plundering the economy.
The country’s politics have continued to be characterized by volatility. Smartmatic, a leading technology supplier that has carried out the largest-scale e-voting events in the world with optical scanners (the Philippines) and with voting machines featuring printed vouchers (Venezuela), participated in the program hosting two sessions by Heider Garcia, Director of .
An automated electoral process on a nationwide scale was first enforced in the elections, which brought President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III to power.
The multinational company, Smartmatic, was chosen to supply the hardware and software for electronic voting. Electoral system in the government of the Philippines is one of the means to be able to vote and sustain the objectivity of election process activity. In reality, this system reveals the presence of violence and violence prevention becoming a bulwark against political dynasties.