K is joined in his quest by Robbie Begay, Navajo tribal cop and sardonic commentator on intercultural relations. Katayoun Medhat was raised in Iran in a multicultural household and experienced her first significant cultural shock at a Catholic convent boarding school in rural Germany. She studied Anthropology in Berlin and London and meandered through a variety of occupations and organisations.
July No conflict continues forever. It may seem surprising to anyone who is caught up in an intractable conflict, but "intractable" conflicts become "tractable" all the time.
It may be helpful to consider an example of a well-known and even epochal intractable conflict that, over time, became manageable. Less than a hundred years ago, conflict between labor and management was widely seen as intractable, and indeed as demanding a wholesale reformulation of society.
Long after Karl Marx published The Communist Manifesto, regular clashes between employers and unions in Britain and the United States, as well as in almost all other industrialized countries, were widely thought of in terms of an on-going contest on a national or international level.
It would be fair to describe that contest Echoes and reflections essay contest an intractable conflict between entrenched forces of ownership and capital on the one side, and the emerging forces of organized labor on the other.
In Russia that conflict played out on the scale that a massive, society-wide intractable conflict seems to imply — and in China, North Korea, and Cuba the echoes continue to reverberate. Furthermore, at least through the s there was widespread fear in the West that what was seen as an enduring, all-but-irresolvable conflict between labor and management would erupt into revolution, or alternatively, into an attempt at revolution followed by ruthless oppression according to a Fascist model.
Obviously, this outcome did not occur. Instead, the United States and European countries began to evolve systems, structures, and legal rights governing this area of human relationships, which did not resolve all of the tensions between labor and management, but at least provided some protections for workers, and made the tensions manageable.
A century of labor history is too complex and too convoluted even within any one of these countries to be captured here in anything but generalities. But there may be lessons for other kinds of intractable conflicts in the sequence with which statutes and systems evolved, and ultimately converted the intractable conflict of workers versus employers into a routine, manageable series of regional or local disputes.
These forms of statutory protection were attained first, it seems, because protections for aged, injured or discarded workers were inherently less controversial than the right of workers to organize in groups.
Yet these initial forms of protection served as a basis for further social change, and the political experience that unions gained in fighting for these less controversial rights was probably an essential prerequisite to their later ability to rise in influence within, rather than in opposition to, the political system.
The tumultuous s saw the emergence of the all-important statutory right to organize for industrial workers. Yet it was only during World War II, during a period when the federal government asserted extraordinary power over labor relations by creating a War Labor Board whose officers could not only mediatebut also arbitrate industrial disputes that large employers truly became accustomed to collective bargaining, and learned to live with it.
This period culminated with the beginning of successful organizing of public-sector workers. Since the mid's, however, union membership in the private sector, not only in the U.
Still, the underlying rights have not been abolished, though in the public sector, a vigorous conservative movement has led ca.
While unions argue vehemently that employer intimidation is the cause of their decline in membership, employer tactics were arguably more brutal during the period of greatest union success. An alternative explanation for declining employee interest in unionization may be employers' recognition that there is only so far they can go in taking advantage of non-union employees before those employees will once again press to be represented by a union.
Thus the unionized companies, albeit smaller in number, continue to indirectly influence the wages and working conditions at non-union firms. The result of this effect is that a relatively stable set of arrangements has been arrived at in many industrialized countries. The statutory and practical details of any given element of these arrangements varies quite widely from one country to the next, but the general pattern is that employees have the right to organize unions, throughout much of the economy if not all of it; that a number of employee and retiree welfare provisions are enacted by statutes, and are applicable to non-union as well as to unionized firms; and that over time, an increasing number of rights to protection against adverse treatment based initially on union activity, and later on race, gender, and other grounds unrelated to work performance have become enacted into law.
Along with these rights have come a dizzying variety of legal, administrative agency, mediation, and arbitration systems for resolving the disputes which inevitably arise over whether these rights have been violated in one instance or another.Daniel Lentz’s River of 1, Streams for piano and electronics was completed in , and recorded for release by Cold Blue Music late in The piece tends to render the distinction between the live performance and the computer-generated “cascading echoes” (snippets sampled from the solo pianist’s performance) undetectable.
The website offers numerous ideas for suggested liturgies, social celebrations, activities, reflections, and downloadable graphics, bulletin notices, guides and posters.
This prestigious annual event is a collaborative effort of the United Nations Information Centre for India and Bhutan [UNIC], The Heartfulness Education Trust and Shri Ram Chandra Mission [SRCM] – a non-profit, educational and spiritual service organisation – to celebrate the International Day of Youth observed on the 12th of August every year.
Reflections How Extreme Weather Is Shrinking the Planet With wildfires, heat waves, and rising sea levels, large tracts of the earth are at risk of becoming uninhabitable. The chapter’s striking language both echoes Ivory’s work—“The sky is saturated and smooth as stone, cut through with small grey wings,” she observes, driving home in her car—and hints at the imminent upending of her life: “A letter is pulled from a postbox and everything is pulled with it.”.
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RESOURCE OVERVIEW. EDUCATOR RESOURCE: TEACHING ABOUT GENOCIDE. • A central tenant of the Echoes & Reflections methodology is the use of primary source materials, which we have provided in the form of visual history testimonies.