It eventually became known as the walzer from the Latin volvere, meaning rotate. However, it was not the rotation that gave the waltz its notoriety, it was the position that the dancers took, a "closed" dance position, face to face. Scandalous or not, the waltz became immensely popular, spreading from Germany to the dance halls of Paris as soldiers returned from the Napoleonic wars. By the mid18th century, it had spread to England in spite of, or perhaps because of, its continued notoriety.
Early history[ edit ] The Viennese waltz, so called to distinguish it from the waltz and the French waltzis the oldest of the current ballroom dances.
At that time, the waltz, as described in a magazine fromwas performed by dancers who held on to their long gowns to prevent them from dragging or being stepped on.
The dancers would lift their dresses and hold them high like cloaks, and this would bring both their bodies under one cover. This action also required the dancers' bodies to be very close together, and this closeness attracted moral disparagement.
Large dance halls like the Zum Sperl in and the Apollo in were opened to provide space for thousands of dancers. The dance reached and spread to England sometime before It was introduced as the German waltz and became a huge hit.
Early waltz steps, from Thomas Wilson Treatise on Waltzing Initially, the waltz was significantly different from its form today.
In the first place, the couples did not dance in the closed position as today. Arms were intertwined and circling movements were made under raised arms. No couple in Wilson's plate are shown in close embrace, but some are in closed hold facing each other. Another significant difference from the present technique was that the feet were turned out and the rise of foot during the dance was much more pronounced.
This can be seen quite clearly in the figure, and such a style imposes its limitations on how the dance can be performed. To understand why Quirey says "The advent of the Waltz in polite society was quite simply the greatest change in dance form and dancing manners that has happened in our history"  we need to realize that all European social dances before the waltz were communal sequence dances — communal, because all the dancers on the floor took part in a preset pattern often chosen by a master of ceremony.
Dancers separately, and as couples, faced outwards to the spectators as much as they faced inwards. Thus all present took part as dancers or as onlookers. This was the way with the country dance and all previous popular dances. With the waltz, couples were independent of each other and were turned towards each other though not in close contact.
Lord Byron wrote a furious letter, which precedes his poem "The Waltz", in which he decries the anti-social nature of the dance, with the couple "like two cockchafers spitted on the same bodkin. A true Viennese waltz consists only of turns and change steps. Other moves such as the fleckerls, American-style figures and side sway or underarm turns are modern inventions and are not normally danced at the annual balls in Vienna.
Furthermore, in a properly danced Viennese waltz, couples do not pass, but turn continuously left and right while travelling counterclockwise around the floor following each other.
The competitive style of Viennese waltz has a reduced number of steps: International-style Viennese waltz[ edit ] In World Dance Council competition, canter pivots are excluded.The romantic Waltz is one of the most popular ballroom dances of all time.
Considered by some as the "mother of present day dances" and the "backbone dance" of the ballroom dancing arena, the Waltz is the basis for many dances.
The waltz is considered a sophisticated social dance by contemporary standards, but it has a scandalous history.
The simple one-two-three steps weren't always as simple and innocent as they appear. Waltz definition is - a ballroom dance in 3/4 time with strong accent on the first beat and a basic pattern of step-step-close.
How to use waltz in a sentence. a ballroom dance in 3/4 time with strong accent on the first beat and a basic pattern of step-step-close. Moreover, the impact of the waltz and its presence at the forefront of discussions about dance in historical, critical, and literary works produced throughout the Victorian period underscore the importance of dance history to a wide range of cultural, social, and literary narratives.
The history of Waltz. The Waltz is the oldest of the ballroom dances, dating from the middle of the Eighteenth Century.
The German "Lander", a folk dance, is supposed to be the forerunner of the Waltz. The Mephisto Waltzes are four waltzes composed by Franz Liszt in –62, –81, and Nos. 1 and 2 were composed for orchestra, and later arranged for piano, piano duet and two pianos, whereas 3 and 4 were written for piano only.